In recent years, clinicians have utilized a somewhat surprising tool to treat their patients with refractory epilepsy-diet. The majority of people with epilepsy can become free from seizures with the use of antiepileptic medications, but in about 20-30% of people with epilepsy, medications fail to completely control their symptoms. Clinicians and researchers have found the ketogenic diet is an effective way to treat these patients; it is at least as successful as the most recent anticonvulsant drugs designed to treat refractory epilepsy. Researchers have also started exploring the therapeutic potential of the diet in other neurological conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), among others.
The human tongue does more than just taste food. Of course, one needs the tongue for better pronunciation of words and effective communication. Surprisingly the tongue is also a valuable channel for communication with one’s brain. An electrolyte-rich saliva and a high density of sensory nerve receptors on the tongue enable this communication. With the nerve-endings of the tongue being superficial, this communication is completely non-invasive.
Albert Einstein, when asked to explain his theories in layman's terms, once famously said, "When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute and it's longer than any hour. That's relativity." That's also how our brains work to "tell time," according to research conducted by Sylvie Droit-Volet from Blaise Pascal University and Sandrine Gil from Poitiers University, France.
You may have perhaps heard of game-theory and behavioral economics, but like many within and outside the field the term neuroeconomics seems to be a revolutionary one. Neuroeconomics is, briefly put, an innovative research program, which combines findings and modeling tools from economics, psychology and neuroscience to account for human choice behavior.
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