Roughly a half billion people interact on Facebook every day, with many more engaging in other social networking sites. With all these friends, it would seem that social networking followers have a great support system and a happy life. New research points out, however, that Facebook may actually be undermining well-being and life satisfaction.
Schizophrenia is an adult-onset disorder that can significantly disrupt the life of patients as well as their primary caregivers. Diagnosis is essentially a post-hoc assessment, but by then, neurocognitive deficits are permanent and curative treatment options to improve the quality of life of patients are more limited. Early assessment of the risk of developing schizophrenia is essential to bring in interventions to reduce the impact of these deficits.
Skinner was able to produce superstitious behavior in pigeons by rewarding them arbitrarily for no particular behavior. These pigeons had, in the past, learned that reinforcement was contingent upon behavior -- similar to human beings -- who learn, for example, that pay is contingent on work or that friendship is contingent on some loyalty. Do superstitious beliefs result from mental acts that are primitive in their use of reason?
The day my second son was born, a nurse -- who had raised two boys of her own -- offered advice: “When they get upset with each other, let them fight it out. They won’t kill each other.” She also added: “Just make sure they fight outside, so they don’t get blood on your carpet.” Fights between siblings, even physically violent ones, are expected –- and accepted –- in society, but is this attitude appropriate and healthy? A new study reports that sibling bullying is under-recognized, and it can have serious adverse consequences for mental health and overall well-being.